History of Baking and Let’s see what happens in the process of Baking.

Welcome to my blogging channel as this is my first blog. I’ll start it by elaborating on some important things about baking and its facts, as I am baker by profession. So, I am very much interested in baking breads, cookies, cakes and chocolates. Along with that I’ll be sharing my recipes which you can try easily at home even though if you don’t have oven at your home. From healthy oatmeal cookies & savory tarts to yummy desserts. So, in my first blog I am going to introduce you to the history of baking and some facts about baking food with the most important topic which I’m going to cover is that how baking came to India. So, let’s begin with:

What is Baking…?

Baking is a method of preparing food that uses dry heat, normally in an oven, but can
also be done in hot ashes, or on hot stones. The most common baked item is bread but many other types of foods are baked. Heat is gradually transferred “from the surface of cakes, cookies, and breads to their center. As heat travels through, it transforms batters and dough’s into baked goods and more with a firm dry crust and a
softer center”. Baking can be combined with grilling to produce a hybrid barbecue variant by using both methods simultaneously, or one after the other. Now I’ll move forward to the history of baking which has been started around 6500 years ago by Europeans and Egyptians.

History of Baking

There is evidence that humans began baking bread over 14,000 years ago, but the oldest ovens discovered are only about 6500 years, so was the first bread even baked? In fact, the word bake originally comes from the word bhõg in the prehistoric Indo-European proto-language. It meant “to dry something out inside of an oven.” And were those folks baking bread? Nope. They were baking bricks in those early ovens. Apparently, the bricks that cooked in the oven would finish faster and with more reliable results than those left out to dry in the sun. Better bricks meant more efficient building, which meant more houses for an increasing population, which eventually led to towns and cities. The first breads produced, around 4000 BC, were unleavened flat breads, though there was usually some natural leavening due to the fermentation of noble rot, wild yeast or steam. The Egyptians are credited with inventing grinding materials, enclosed earthenware baking containers, crude ovens, and the use of the levain process which utilizes a piece of day old dough to introduce fermentation. The Greeks expanded on these baking concepts and became specialists in baking cakes and pastries. The Romans ere the first to promote the training and refining of baking skills and established the first corps of bakers in the western world. The United Kingdom established the first guild that set standards of baking and an apprenticeship of 7 years leading to a master baker certification.

Aside from the steam engine, there were other improvements in baking. In 1856 baking powder was introduced and 12 years later, in 1868, commercial yeast was sold which made life easier for bread bakers as they didn’t have to argue with those rascally little wild yeasties. Life got even better for bakers and pastry chefs in the 1930s when the first mechanical mixers were developed. Baking utilizes carefully balanced formulas. What goes into a flour based baked good either strengthens/toughens (proteins and starches), weakens/tenderizes (fats and sugars), moistens (any water containing ingredient), dries, or leavens it, but not by themselves. Without heat and water, the important chemical and physical reactions wouldn’t take place. Hence the boom the cavemen experienced after the invention of fire.

What happens in the process of Baking…?

The changes to a dough or batter as it bakes are basically the same in all baked products, from breads to cookies and cakes. You should know what these changes are so you can learn how to control them.

Now, Let’s move on to the stages in the baking process are as follows:

1. Formation and expansion of gases – the gases primarily responsible for leavening baked goods are carbon dioxide, which is released by the action of yeast and by baking powder and baking soda; air, which is incorporated into doughs and batters during mixing; and steam, which is formed during baking.

Some gases — such as carbon dioxide in proofed bread dough and air in sponge cake batters — are already present in the dough. As they are heated, the gases expand and leaven the product. Some gases are not formed until heat is applied. Yeast and baking powder form gases rapidly when first placed in the oven. Steam is also formed as the moisture of the dough is heated.

2. Trapping of the gases in air cells – as the gases are formed and expand,they are trapped in a stretchable network formed by the proteins in the dough.

These proteins are primarily gluten and sometimes egg protein.Without gluten or egg protein, most of the gases would escape, and the product would be poorly leavened.Breads without enough gluten are heavy.

3. Gelatinization of starches: The starches absorb moisture,expand,and become firmer. This contributes to structure. Gelatinization of starches begins at about 140°F (60°C).

4. Coagulation of proteins Like all proteins, gluten and egg proteins coagulate or solidify when they reach high enough temperatures. This process gives most of the structure to baked goods. Coagulation begins when the temperature of the dough reaches about 165°F (74°C). Correct baking temperature is important. If the temperature is too high, coagulation starts too soon, before the expansion of gases reaches its peak. The resulting product has poor volume or a split crust. If the temperature is too low, the proteins do not coagulate soon enough, and the product may collapse.

5. Evaporation of some of the water – this process takes place throughout the baking. If a baked product of a specific weight is required, allowance must be made for moisture loss when scaling the dough. For example, to get a 1 pound loaf of baked bread, it is necessary to scale about 500 gm dough. The percentage of weight loss varies greatly, depending on such factors as proportion of surface area to volume, baking time, and whether the item is baked in a pan or directly on the oven’s surface.

6. Melting of shortenings: Different shortenings melt and release trapped gases at different temperatures, so the proper shortening should be selected for each product.

7. Crust formation and browning: A crust is formed as water evaporates from the surface and leaves it dry. Browning occurs when sugars caramelize and starches and sugars starts with certain chemical changes caused by heat. This contributes to flavor. Milk, sugar, and egg increase browning.

At last, let’s talk about the temperature for baking goods:

Generally, the process of baking a cake or a sponge happens at a temperature range of 300 °F / 149 °C to 400 °F / 204 °C, although there are always exceptions. But cookies and pastries would be ruined by baking them at a high temperature like 500 °F / 260 °C or they would never set up properly in the low temperatures of dehydration, such as 105 °F / 41 °C, even though that is a process of drying out food too.

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No-Bake blueberry Cheesecake

No-Bake Blueberry Cheesecake is a creamy, moist and crusty mouthwatering cold dessert that comes together quickly, and is super easy of-course you can choose to make your own blueberry topping but if you can find a cheaper, quicker and easier alternative, then why not? Other than the blueberry filling this cheesecake is basic – cream cheese, whipped cream, and vanilla for the batter; biscuits and butter for the base. You only need these handful of ingredients and 15 minutes to make your favorite dessert.

Guys do order and DM or drop me a message in my blog orders taken only in Bangalore one day before


It is said that life is like a mystery box of chocolates. Dark chocolate means temptation of joy and peace. I love chocolates are you a chocolate lover too? every person on earth has there own taste for chocolate. chocolates teach us a lesson it says “Hii Buddy, if life is bitter don’t get dishearten life is like a chocolate you should enjoy it piece for piece and let it slowly melt on your tongue.

Spicy Masala Cookies (Khara Cookies)

About Spicy Masala Cookies

Masala Cookies/Khara Biscuit come out so flaky and buttery you would love to munch on it with a cup of coffee/tea even as mild morning snacks .Khara biscuits were first made by a famous bakery in Bangalore called Iyengar’s it started in 1800s still running by fourth generation .These cookies are famous over south India .This is a cookie/ biscuit that I make very often for my family as we love to savor and spicy gives a touch of curry leaves ginger in the mouth. These cookies/biscuits are excellent snack in Karnataka its spicy and with all the aromas and while we have the crunch sound in the mouth gives all the taste of the cookies. Do trying making this khara cookies at home you can scroll down for the recipe and any queries comment and let me know in the comment box.

Recipe: Spicy Masala Cookies

There’s nothing quite like a batch of homemade Spicy Masala Cookies. These cookies are very crispy with a good flavor. Add a teaspoon of haldi powder, crushed groundnuts to differ the taste if you desire. Please find the recipe in the link below to make your own healthy spicy masala cookies at home and do let me know how u felt making the cookies with the help of the recipe below

Carom Seeds (Ajwain) Cookies Recipe History And Health Benefits Of Ajwain Seeds

History Of Ajwain Seeds

Ajwain seeds were used regularly in ancient Egypt as both a medicine and a culinary spice. They have long been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for various ailments, including indigestion, as a cough remedy, asthma and antiseptic. Ajwain seeds mainly feature in savory Indian, Pakistani, and Middle-Eastern cooking. In order to keep the fragrance and flavor intact, the seeds are generally crushed and added to dishes during the final stage of cooking.

Benefits Of Ajwain Seed!

  • Ajwain seed enhances the food flavour
  • Good for liver and kidney
  • Improves your overall health with ajwain
  • Regulates blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Prevents from ulcer disease
  • Ajwain seeds helps manage BP
  • Its a very good natural antiseptic
  • Ajwain seeds is also known to increase metabolism.

Recipe: Ajwain Cookies

There’s nothing quite like a batch of homemade Ajwain Cookies. These Ajwain cookies are very crispy with a good flavor. Add a teaspoon of ajwain seeds , to differ the taste if you desire. Please find the recipe in the link below to make your own healthy salty ajwain cookies at home .

(Bru) Instant Coffee Cookies Recipe and its Health Benefits (Bru)

In 1962, Brooke Bond Green Label was introduced as India’s first branded filter coffee. Then four years later in 1968, Bru instant was launched as a chicory mix instant coffee. It was under the brand name Bru Select, launched in 2010. It is made from a fine blend of the choicest plantation and Robust beans. It was called a coffee compound. Instant coffee , also known as soluble coffee and coffee powder, is a drink derived from brewed coffee beans. Instant coffee also contains about two times more acrylamide — a chemical that is formed when coffee beans are roasted.

What Is Instant Coffee Bean?

The greater the intake of caffeine, the lower the risk. High cholesterol. Drinking caffeinated coffee seems to reduce levels of total cholesterol, LDL (low-density protein)or “bad cholesterol,” and blood fats called triglycerides by a small amount. Drinking at least 6-8 cups of caffeinated coffee per day might have the greatest benefit.

Here are health benefits of instant coffee (Bru Powder)

  • A cup of instant coffee contains only 7 calories while providing some potassium, magnesium, and niacin (vitamin B3).
  • Though caffeine can be very useful to the human body, over-consumption can have negative effects, such as anxiety, insomnia, tremor, and an increased cardiac frequency.
  • Brain: Coffee has been known to increase cognitive function and improve concentration for thousands of years, and scientific studies seem to confirm this. It also affects your mental health coffee has been linked to decreased risk of depression and suicide.
  • Metabolism: If you’re looking for a successful way to lose weight, coffee can be your ally! Caffeine has been proven to increase metabolism and therefor help burn more calories.
  • Liver: Although there is no replacement for a good diet, regular exercise, and being a healthy weight, coffee is particularly good at protecting your liver.
  • Coffee lowers the risk of death: Studies have shown that coffee drinker’s overall risk of premature death is 25% lower than of those who don’t drink coffee.
  • Coffee may lower risk of Type II diabetes: Caffeine decreases your insulin sensitivity and impairs glucose tolerance, therefore reduces your risk of type 2 diabetes.

What Is The Difference Between Instant Coffee And Ground Coffee?

Although we all have our own preference whether it’s instant coffee, ground coffee, or a shot of espresso one thing we have in common is the love for coffee. So here are the main differences

  1. Lower caffeine levels are in Instant coffee than ground coffee, this is due to the extracting process and how instant coffee is made.
  2. Ground coffee contains over double the amount of potassium than instant coffee
  3. More Acrylamide is found in Instant Coffees
  4. Instant coffee is cheaper than ground coffee, this is due to how much ground coffee needs to be used for the same effect and concentration levels of Instant coffee.
  5. Instant coffee is made from Robusta coffee beans giving it a stronger and bolder taste.

Recipe: Coffee Cookies

There’s nothing quite like a batch of homemade Coffee Cookies. These Coffee cookies are very crispy with a good flavor. Add a cup of Bru instant coffee powder, if you desire. Please find the recipe in the link below to make your own healthy Coffee cookies at home .

Finger Millet (Ragi) Oatmeal Cookies recipe and its Health Benefits

Ragi is an extremely nutritious millet, that resembles mustard seeds in appearance. Finger millet is especially valuable as it contains the amino acid methionine, which is lacking in the diets of the poor who live on starchy staples such as cassava, plantain, polished rice or maize meal.Karnataka is the leading producer of ragi. Ragi is a source of good carbohydrates. Ragi is a gluten-free cereal. It is loaded with several benefits and we should embrace Ragi in our food. Ragi Cookies is a great choice for healthy cookies and works great when you are trying to lose weight.

Facts About Ragi.

Finger Millet, also known as Ragi is an important millet grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa. Its scientific name is Eleusine coracana. It ranks sixth in production after wheat, rice, maize, sorghum and bajra in India.

Here are 7 health benefits of finger millet(Ragi).

  • Skin: Source of vitamin D improves vitality, improves skin tissues and reduces wrinkles.
  • Diabetes: Ragi has a low glycemic index and hence reduces food cravings. Helps in keeping the blood sugar in check.
  • Anemia: Ragi is a good source of iron and helps improve hemoglobin levels.
  • Insomnia: Ragi is a source of antioxidants like Tryptophan and Amino acids. This helps to reduce anxiety, depression, and Insomnia.
  • Weight loss: Ragi is high in dietary fiber. It reduces unnecessary food cravings thus helps in weight loss.
  • Finger millet  is an excellent source of natural calcium which helps in strengthening bones for growing children and aging people. Regular consumption of finger millet is good for bone health.
  • Green ragi (finger millet) is recommended for conditions of blood pressure, liver disorders, asthma and heart weakness. Green ragi is also recommended to lactating mothers in conditions of lack of milk production.

Recipe: Ragi Oatmeal Cookies

There’s nothing quite like a batch of homemade Ragi Oatmeal Cookies. These Ragi oatmeal cookies are very moist with a good flavor. Add a cup of oats, if you desire. Please find the recipe in the link below to make your own healthy Ragi oatmeal cookies at home.

Quaker’s Best Oatmeal Cookies Recipe and its Health Benefits | Quaker Oats.

Oats are among the healthiest grains on earth. They’re a gluten-free whole grain and a great source of important vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. Many studies show that oats and oatmeal have many health benefits. These include weight loss, lower blood sugar levels and a reduced risk of heart disease.

What Are Oats and Oatmeal?

Oats are a whole-grain food, known scientifically as Avena sativa. Oat groats, the most intact and whole form of oats, take a long time to cook.The whole oat kernels that have been cleaned, with only the loose, inedible hulls removed.  Groats contain the intact germ, endosperm, and branOat bran, which contains the most fiber in a groat, is also removed and eaten as a cereal or added to recipes to boost fiber content. For this reason, most people prefer rolled, crushed or steel-cut oats. Instant (quick) oats are the most highly processed variety. While they take the shortest time to cook, the texture may be mushy. Oats are commonly eaten for breakfast as oatmeal, which is made by boiling oats in water or milk. Oatmeal is often referred to as porridge. They’re also often included in muffins, granola bars, cookies and other baked goods.

Here are 9 evidence-based health benefits of eating oats and oatmeal.

  • Oats are nutritious for health.
  • Oats can improve our blood sugar control.
  • Oatmeal contains all kind of nutritious like vitamin B5, vitamin B1, copper, iron.
  • Oats contains more of protein and minerals to our human body .
  • Oat meal helps in reducing the blood pressure.
  • Oats are good for people having lower blood cholesterol so that it doesn’t get damage.
  • Oatmeal are very filling healthy breakfast meal for everyone especially for diabetes and who contains insulin.
  • Few people think how do they incorporate oats into their diet. You can follow a few ways like its a simple way .1/2 cup Quaker oats, 1cup of water or milk (Room temperature) lastly pinch of salt cook these altogether in a pot and boil then you can add fruits, nuts or yogurt the choice depends on you on your taste buds.
  • Oats also helps in decreasing constipation for elderly people.

Recipe: Oatmeal Cookies

There’s nothing quite like a batch of homemade Oatmeal Cookies. These oatmeal cookies are very moist with a good flavor. Add a cup of raisins or nuts if you desire. Please find the recipe in the link below to make your own healthy oatmeal cookies at home.

Oats rasins almond cookies video
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